Mike Button:Todays poultry industry faces many challenges. We have seen greater intensification of farms. disease challenges such as HPAI and Newcastle disease are continuing to challenge farms in Europe. The reduction in the use of routine anti-biotics in food production. These and many other challenges are putting continued pressure on the poultry farms of today.
How do we combat these challenges to our system and the profitability of our farms? The management in most cases has improved tremendously over the years. We have developed good effective vaccines and our understanding of disease challenges has grown. To help in this area it has never been more important to understand and implement a good effective bio-security programme. Ensuring it is adhered to and proper training is given to all company and farm staff on the implementation of the programme.
To aid us in our bio-security we need to employ a good and effective cleaning and disinfection programme. This starts at the farm gate or entrance to the hatchery and continues right through the system to the birds or eggs leaving the farm or the despatch of lorries from a hatchery.
Choosing a correct programme and product for the poultry farmer can be extremely difficult. There are many products on the market. All claiming to do wonderful things. Or we purchase because we like the person selling the product or the colour of the drum. Many companies advise their customers to change to different products. Not for any real technical reasons but so they can sell their products.Thus, leaving the poultry farm with potentially a poor product for the purpose needed. The demands put on a disinfectant are many. Ideally it must work in hot and cold conditions. Be mixed with hard and soft water. Work in the presence of organic matter. Be safe to use, with appropriate PPE. Be non-corrosive to our equipment and not taint our eggs or meat. Along with these it needs to be effective to use time and time again on our farms.
In 1989 scientists in the UK looking for a new and effective disinfectant that was effective against hydrophilic virus as well as lipophilic and bacteria, fungi and spores. Discovered the synergistic blend of glutaraldehyde and quaternary ammoniums. This blend using genuine glutaraldehyde and the discovery of the quaternary ammonium, coco benzyl dimethyl ammonium chloride(coco quat) Led to the product Omnicide and a full patent being granted.
Omnicide proved not only to be effective against bacteria,fungi, spores and lipophilic viruses (which most disinfectants will work against) but naked viruses such as IBD, adenovirus and reovirus. Major problems to the poultry industry. Omnicide was put through many independent tests all over the world and was found to be so successful it can be used in all areas of production. Saving money by reducing the need to have many different products in stock on the farms. Omnicide gives complete bio-security in one bottle.
Many disinfectants claim many things on their label. Dilution rates vary tremendously between products and products which appear to have the same active ingredients. This is because many tests in the world are conducted at a temperature of 20-25⁰C. The ideal temperature for a disinfectant to be most effective. They are conducted using soft water. Not in the presence of organic matter.
Omnicide has been tested independently at low temperature, in the presence of organic matter and using hard water. This gives a true reading of the effectiveness of the product in all conditions that we would find in commercial use.
As mentioned earlier on. Omnicide can be used in all areas of production and gives complete biosecurity.
Site entrances Omnicide can be used in the entrance for disinfecting vehicles. Either or both through a sprayer and wheel dip. It will not damage the metal or rubber ofthe vehicles. These areas can take a lot of use. Products can be diluted very quickly and in normal conditions should be changed 2-3 times per week.
Foot baths This is probably the most underestimated and abused part of a farm bio-security programme. All to often we see in appropriate containers that are left open to the elements and full of organic matter. A successful foot bath should be covered, to stop the disinfectant being diluted. It should be free from high loading of organic matter. There should be a cleaning brush and water to be used on the foot ware before using the disinfectant foo tbath. All disinfectants will be more effective on a clean surface. Change the solution regularly to keep effective and a record of when it is done.
Poultry houses and equipment-Or aim here is to reduce the bacterial loading after the birds have gone so a disinfectant can be most effective. Here again cleaning is the most important area. Use and effective and compatible cleaning agent. Omniclean is effective in this area and can be applied as a foam if needed. Giving a longer contact time and better washing ability. Our aim is to reduce the microbial level by as much as 80% plus.
After the building and equipment has been successfully cleaned and allowed to dry. We can apply our disinfectant Omnicide to all surfaces. Ensuring there are no pools of water or large cracks inthe floor.One square meter of water only 1mm deep, is equivalent to one litre of water. Omnicide like all disinfectants should be applied at low pressure either through a pressure washer at low pressure or a knapsack sprayer. All surfaces should be thoroughly wetted and allowed to dry. Omnicide has a fast action and will start to work in 5 minutes of contact time. But the longer the contact time of any disinfectant the better. Some disinfectants require a long contact time to start. But have evaporated before this can happen,
WaterLines-All water and drinking systems need to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Because of its formulation. Omnicide can be used to clean the system out at the end of the flock and remove bio-film from the inside of the pipes and leave a clean surface.
Fogging and fumigating–with the increase in challenges to our farms. Fumigating has again become used as an extra tool in our bio-security programme. For many years it has been common practice to use chemicals such as formalin or paraformaldehyde prills. To create the gas formaldehyde. Although this is a cheap option it has several disadvantages. Formaldehyde as been declared a carcinogen. In many places it is banned by law. But also,can we subject our staff to a known carcinogen product? Although the gas kills it has no residual action. This means once used, the surface is open to reinfection.
Omnicide is a safe effective alternative to formaldehyde. It can be misted into the building using an atomiser. It can also be passed through a thermal fogger. Creating a dry fog. It is safe to use, with appropriate PPE. Also, it has the added advantage of having a residual action. Giving a longer protection to our birds in the crucial early stage of life. Omnicide can also be used very successfully in the fumigating of fertile hatching eggs at both farm level or hatchery.
Equipment-areas of bio-security often over looked are the pieces of equipment we use for the day to day running of our farms. These can be trays for the eggs, barrows or carts, maintenance tools and of course the overalls used for workers. Omnicide can be used safely for the disinfection of cleaned equipment and for the disinfection of overalls on the farms. It can be applied in the rinse cycle in the washing machine or in a soak tub.
Omniclean and Omnicide offer a complete cleaning and disinfection for our farms. It is safe, tested independently in all conditions. Reliable to use time and time again and gives residual protection after use.
Writer-General Manager- Healthcare,Coventry, United Kingdom,Veterinary