[DHAKA, Bangladesh] – Unusual global weather patterns and different feed storage practices are starting to influence the range of moulds and potential mycotoxin contamination of feed grains fed to poultry on an international scale. Alltech 37+® mycotoxin analysis has shown that multiple mycotoxin contamination is a reality for poultry producers around the world, though exact prevalence varies among crops in different geographical regions, depending upon cropping pattern, environmental variations, handling and storage conditions.
Alltech 37+, a state-of-the-art detection process, uses UPLC-MS/MS technology to look for more than 37 mycotoxins in any given sample. It also considers the mycotoxin challenges present in each sample as a whole, rather than looking at individual mycotoxins. This way, it can more precisely estimate challenges faced by producers around the world.
During July 2014, July 2015 and July 2016, Alltech collected maize and soya samples from different parts of Bangladesh, especially the northern areas of Bogra, Chuadanga, Dinajpur and Rangpur where maize and soya are produced in abundance. Alltech then analysed these samples for different mycotoxins at its Alltech 37+® analytical service laboratories in Winchester, Kentucky, USA and Dunboyne, Ireland.
Of the samples analysed, 89.47 percent contained at least one mycotoxin, with an average of 3.4 mycotoxins per sample. Multiple mycotoxins were observed in newly harvested ingredients from the northern areas of Bangladesh which may have profound negative effects on poultry performance. Of the poultry samples analysed, 86.67 percent were contaminated by fumonisins, followed by fusaric acid at 60 percent, aflatoxins and ochratoxin at 40 percent and type B trichothecenes at 26.67 percent. Other Aspergillus and Penicillium mycotoxins were also present in significant amounts.
Alltech conducted 18 trials examining the economic impact of mycotoxin contamination. The results showed that even a moderate mycotoxin challenge reduced growth rates by 2.5 grams per day, equating to an average economic loss of 2.10 taka per bird per week. Layers were similarly affected by a moderate mycotoxin challenge, with an estimated loss of 0.07 eggs per hen per day, equating to a cost of 3.28 taka per hen per week. Mycotoxins have been shown to reduce feed intake, damage gut integrity and cause poor fertility, and each of these issues can be a major cost to producers, said Dr. Saiful Islam, general manager of Alltech Bangladesh. He also noted that identifying and addressing these hidden challenges are very important, and with Alltech 37+, mycotoxins cannot remain hidden for long.
For more information, please contact your local Alltech representative or email